It is a well-known fact that the Prophet of Islam (sws) was the supremely successful man in the entire human history. But he was not just a hero, as Thomas Carlyle has called him. According to the Qur’an, he was a good example for all mankind. He has shown us the way of achieving supreme success in this world.
By studying the life of the Prophet (sws) we can derive those important principles which were followed by him. In short, the Prophet (sws) of Islam was a positive thinker in the full sense of the word. All his activities were result-oriented. He completely refrained from all such steps as may prove counter-productive.
The First Principle: To begin from the possible. This principle is well explained in a saying of A’ishah. She said:
Whenever the Prophet had to choose between two options, he always opted for the easier choice. (Bukhari)
To choose the easiest option means to begin from the possible, and one who begins from the possible will surely reach his goal.
The Second Principle: To see advantage in disadvantage. In the early days of Makkah, there were many problems and difficulties. At that time, a guiding verse in the Qur’an was revealed. It said:
With every hardship there is ease, with every hardship there is ease. (94:5-6).
This means that if there are some problems, there are also opportunities at the same time. And the way to success is to ignore the problems and avail the opportunities.
The Third Principle: To change the place of action. This principle is derived from the Hijrah. The Hijrah was not just a migration from Makkah to Madinah. It was to find a more suitable place for Islamic work, as history proved later on.
The Fourth Principle: To make a friend out of an enemy. The Prophet (sws) of Islam was repeatedly subjected to practices of antagonism by the unbelievers. At that time, the Qur’an enjoined upon him the return of good for evil. And then, as the Qur’an added:
It means that a good deed in return of a bad deed has a conquering effect over your enemies. And the life of the Prophet (sws) is a historical proof of this principle.
The Fifth Principle: To turn minus into plus. After the battle of Badr, about 70 of the unbelievers were taken as prisoners of war. They were educated people. The Prophet (sws) announced that if any one of them would teach ten Muslim children how to read and write he would be freed. This was the first school in the history of Islam in which all of the students were Muslims, and all of the teachers were from the enemy rank.
The Sixth Principle: The power of peace is stronger than the power of violence. When Makkah was conquered, all of the Prophet’s direst opponents were brought before him. They were war criminals in every sense of the word. But the Prophet (sws) did not order to kill them. He simply said: ‘Go, you are free’. The result of this kind behaviour was miraculous. They immediately accepted Islam.
The Seventh Principle: Not to be a dichotomous thinker. In the famous battle of Mutah, Khalid Ibn Walid decided to withdraw Muslim forces from the battlefield because he discovered that the enemy was disproportionately outnumbered. When they reached Madinah, some of the Muslims received them by the word ‘O deserters!’ The Prophet (sws) said: ‘No, they are men of advancement’.
Those Madinan people were thinking dichotomously, either fighting or retreating. The Prophet (sws) said that there is also a third option, and that is to avoid war and find time to strengthen yourself. Now history tells us that the Muslims, after three years of preparation, advanced again towards the Roman border and this time they won a resounding victory.
The Eighth Principle: To bring the battle in ones own favourable field. This principle is derived from the battle of Hudaybiyyah. At that time, the unbelievers were determined to engage Muslims in fighting, because obviously they were in an advantageous position. But the Prophet (sws), by accepting their conditions unilaterally, entered into a pact. It was a ten-year peace treaty. Until then, the meeting ground between Muslims and non-Muslims had been on the battlefield. Now the area of conflict became that of ideological debate. Within two years, Islam emerged as victorious because of the simple reason of its ideological superiority.
The Ninth Principle: Gradualism instead of radicalism. This principle is well-established by a Hadith quoted in Bukhari. A’ishah says that the first verses of the Qur’an were related mostly to Heaven and Hell. And then after a long time when the peoples hearts had softened, the specific commands to desist from adultery and drinking were revealed in the Qur’an. This is a clear proof that for social changes Islam advocates the evolutionary method, rather than the revolutionary method.
The Tenth Principle: To be pragmatic in controversial matters. During the writing of the Hudaybiyyah treaty, the Prophet (sws) dictated these words: ‘This is from Muhammad, the Messenger of God.’ The Qurayshan delegate raised objections over these words. The Prophet (sws) promptly changed the word and ordered to simply write ‘Muhammad, son of Abdullah’.
These were the principles through which the Prophet (sws) of Islam gained that success which has been recognised by historians as the supreme success.
In the end, I would like to repeat these ten principles of success:
1. To begin from the possible
2. To see advantage in disadvantage
3. To change the place of action
4. To make a friend out of an enemy
5. To turn minus into plus
6. The power of peace is stronger than the power of violence
7. Not to be a dichotomous thinker
8. To bring the battle in ones own favourable field
9. Gradualism instead of radicalism
10. To be pragmatic in controversial matters