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Alcohol & Health
Author/Source: BBC News  (http://news.bbc.co.uk) Posted by: serving humanity
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يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَا إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِثْمُهُمَآ أَكْبَرُ مِن نَّفْعِهِمَا وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ كَذَلِكَ يُبيِّنُ اللّهُ لَكُمُ الآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ

"They ask you concerning wine and gambling. Say: 'In them is great sin, and some profit, for people; but the sin ( إِثْمٌ )1) is greater than the profit.'"[2:219](Qur'an)


A glass of wine each evening is enough to increase your risk of developing cancer, women are being warned.

Consuming just one drink a day causes an extra 7,000 cancer cases - mostly breast cancer - in UK women each year, Cancer Research UK scientists say.

The risk goes up the more you drink, whether spirits, wine or beer, the data on over a million women suggests.

Overall, alcohol is to blame for about 13% of breast, liver, rectum, mouth and throat cancers, the researchers say.

They estimate that about 5,000 cases of breast cancer in the UK - 11% of the 45,000 cases diagnosed each year - can be attributed to women's consumption of alcohol.

The study looked specifically at women who consumed low to moderate levels of alcohol - defined as three drinks a day or fewer.

Over the seven years of the study, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, a quarter of the 1.3 million women reported drinking no alcohol.

About 5% of all cancers in the UK are due to drinking something in the order of one alcoholic drink a day

Lead author Dr Naomi Allen

Of those who did drink, virtually all consumed fewer than 21 drinks per week, and an average of 10g of alcohol per day, which is equivalent to just over one unit of alcohol found in half a pint of lager, a 125ml glass of wine or a single measure of spirits.

Nearly 70,000 of the middle-aged women developed cancer and a pattern emerged with alcohol consumption.

One too many?

Consuming one drink a day increased the risk of all types of cancer by 6% in women up to the age of 75.

The rates for individual cancers varied, with one drink a day causing a 12% rise in the risk of breast cancer, a 10% rise in rectal cancer, a 22% rise in gullet cancer, a 29% rise in mouth cancer and a 44% rise in throat cancer.

Women are advised to drink no more than 2-3 units a day
Men are advised to drink no more than 3-4 units a day
A unit = half a pint of beer, a small (125ml) glass of wine, a shot or a small (25ml) measure of spirits

On a population scale, this would mean 15 extra cases of these cancers diagnosed for every 1,000 women - comprising 11 breast, one mouth, one rectal cancer and 0.7 each for cancers of the gullet, throat and liver.

The government says no amount of alcohol is fully safe, but recommends women should drink no more than two to three units per day on a regular basis to have a lower risk of any harm to health.

For men the recommended limit is no more than three to four units per day.

Mixed messages
Lead author Dr Naomi Allen from the University of Oxford said her work would help the government assess whether the limits should be changed, although the study did not look at men.

"The findings of this report show quite strongly that even low levels of drinking that were regarded to be safe do increase cancer risk.

"About 5% of all cancers in the UK are due to drinking something in the order of one alcoholic drink a day."

She said there was confusion about how much people should drink. Research has shown a daily tipple can be good for the heart. And factors other than alcohol pose a bigger risk for certain cancers.

"It is up to individual people to make their own decision. All of us to some extent have to weigh up the risks and take some responsibility for our health," said Dr Allen.

Around 80% of breast cancer cases are diagnosed in women aged over 50, so limiting how much you drink is one step you can take to try to reduce your risk of developing the disease

Dr Sarah Cant,
Breakthrough Breast Cancer

A Department of Health spokesman said: "We keep our guidance on sensible drinking under review. We currently advise on a lower risk drinking limit and that drinking above this level could be harmful.

"There is no completely safe level of drinking but this lower level reflects the known risks including breast cancer, which is partly why there is a lower drinking limit for women.

"We look forward to examining this research in more detail."

Dr Sarah Cant of Breakthrough Breast Cancer said: "We already know that drinking alcohol can increase your risk of breast cancer.

"This study suggests that for women over 50 even drinking moderate amounts of any type of alcohol can have many health consequences, including a greater chance of developing breast cancer.

"Around 80% of breast cancer cases are diagnosed in women aged over 50, so limiting how much you drink is one step you can take to try to reduce your risk of developing the disease."

Breast cancer is now the most common cancer in the UK. Each year almost 45,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer. A woman's lifetime risk for breast cancer in the UK is one in nine.


1.sin [US] [sɪn]




Related phrases
original sin

الخطيئة الأصلية, ظاهرة


الخطيئة الأصلية

Related languages
sin is also a word in: español, hrvatski
Web definitions

estrangement from god

an act that is regarded by theologians as a transgression of God's will

sine: ratio of the length of the side opposite the given angle to the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle

sin [s'ɪn]
noun (pl. sins)
Sin or a sin is an action or type of behaviour which is believed to break the laws of God.
The Vatican's teaching on abortion is clear: it is a sin.
Was it the sin of pride to have believed too much in themselves?
A sin is any action or behaviour that people disapprove of or consider morally wrong.
...the sin of arrogant hard-heartedness.
The ultimate sin was not infidelity, but public mention which led to scandal.
verb (sins; sinning; sinned)
If you sin, you do something that is believed to break the laws of God.
The Spanish Inquisition charged him with sinning against God and man. V + 'against'
You have sinned and must repent your ways. V

I am a sinner and I need to repent of my sins.

If you say that a man and a woman are living in sin, you mean that they are living together as a couple although they are not married. V inflects old-fashioned
She was living in sin with her boyfriend.

Related phrases
cardinal sin
If you describe an action as a cardinal sin, you are indicating that some people strongly disapprove of it.

original sin
According to some Christians, original sin is the wickedness that all human beings are born with, because the first human beings, Adam and Eve, disobeyed God.

mortal sin
In the Roman Catholic Church, a mortal sin is an extremely serious sin and the person who has committed it will be punished after death unless they are forgiven by the Church.

sin-bin , sin bin
In the sports of ice hockey and rugby league, if a player is sent to the sin-bin, they are ordered to leave the playing area for a short period of time because they have done something that is against the rules.
Related languages

sin is also a word in: español, hrvatski
Web definitions

estrangement from god

an act that is regarded by theologians as a transgression of God's will

sine: ratio of the length of the side opposite the given angle to the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle

(Akkadian) god of the Moon; counterpart of Sumerian Nanna

commit a sin; violate a law of God or a moral law

the 21st letter of the Hebrew alphabet

drop the ball: commit a faux pas or a fault or make a serious mistake; "I blundered during the job interview"

violent and excited activity; "they began to fight like sin"


"Sin" (also known as Halo 4) is a single by Nine Inch Nails for the song of the same name released in 1990.


Sin is a term used mainly in a religious context to describe an act that violates a moral rule, or the state of having committed such a violation. Commonly, the moral code of conduct is decreed by a divine entity (such as Yahweh or Allah in the Abrahamic religions).


Al Haram (الحرام, The Sin) is a classical 1965 Egyptian drama film directed by Henry Barakat. The film stars Faten Hamama, Zaki Rostom, and ...


Sin was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Championship Wrestling (WCW) that replaced WCW's January PPV event ...


SiN is a computer game developed by Ritual Entertainment and published by Activision in late 1998. SiN is a first-person shooter based on a modified version of the Quake II engine. ...


Sin (real name Synthia Schmidt) is a fictional character, a villainness in the Marvel Universe. She is the daughter of the Red Skull.


Sin is another of the seven unique playable characters in playable in . He is son of the king of Illyuria: Ky Kiske, though was left in Sol ...


In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called circular functions) are functions of an angle. ...


The Kingdom of Sine or Sin was a pre-colonial kingdom along the north bank of the Salum estuary in modern Senegal. Much of the kingdom's population was Serer.


Sin is a 1915 silent drama film directed by Herbert Brenon and starring Theda Bara. The film is now considered to be lost.


Sin is a fictional character in the . She first appeared in Birds of Prey #92, and was created by Gail Simone.


Muirchertach mac Muiredaig (died circa 534), called Mac Ercae, Muirchertach Macc Ercae and Muirchertach mac Ercae, was said to be High King of ...


Sin is the fifth Studio recording from Mother Superior and the first of two to be produced by MC5 legend Wayne Kramer.


Filip Filippi (Serbian: Филип Филиппи) (born June 5 1986 in Belgrade, Serbia, then Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), better known by his stage names Sin or Sin Sizzerb is a rapper and the creator of The Cartel Argentina clothing line. ...


Shin (also spelled Šin or Sheen) is the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , and Arabic ﺵ (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order).


Shin is a Korean family name. In South Korea, there were 911,556 people name Shin in 2000.


This is the complete episode listing for the animated adaptation of Hiromu Arakawa's manga Fullmetal Alchemist|鋼の錬金術師|Hagane no Renkinjutsushi. The series consists of fifty-one episodes and one movie.


The tenth game of the Final Fantasy series, Square's bestselling console role playing game, Final Fantasy X, revolves around a summoner and her ...


Social insurance number


The breaking of one of the Ten Commandments of the Old Testament of the Bible, but later included any non-adherence to the teachings of the Christian Churches. (What was a sin for one was not, necessarily, a sin for the other.)


Sin is anything that is contrary to the law or will of God. For example: if you lie, you have sinned. Why? ...


A lack of conformity to, or a transgression, especially when deliberate, of a law, precept, or principle regarded as having divine authority


In the Bible, the Hebrew and Greek words which are translated as sin mean failing to hit the target or missing the mark. Most conservative Christians believe that, since God is pure and just, that a person who sins just once cannot come into God's presence unless they first attain salvation.


The condition of Man apart from God. Any action of a human person in which he or she makes this condition of separation from the Person and Will of God real or actual.


Is a term used to describe either an action that is prohibited in religious ethics or law, or a fallen state of being. The religious concept of sin is tied to a cluster of interrelated issues including atonement, theodicy, free will, ethics, guilt, and law. ...


In theological terms sin is the darkening of the nous. When the nous goes away from the heart and ceases having remembrance of God and is distracted to creation through the senses, then it commits sin. This distraction is manifested in actions which are, thus, called sin. ...


Is not understanding and behaving according to Divine Law of God and the law of our being.


Disobeying the will of God; wrongdoing


Is man's basic problem. It is sin which necessitates the need for salvation and the entire plan of reconciling man with God. Sin, in an etymological sense, is missing the mark. People often assume that the target is missed because of sinful man's inability to live up to God's perfect standard. ...


Doing something wrong that separates you from God.


The trig function sine, written sin θ. For acute angles, sin θ can be found by the SOHCAHTOA definition.


Anything that we do or don't do that God does not approve of.


A Moon God.


Means a group of generically similar (but not identical) supplies or services that are intended to serve the same general purpose or function.


lawlessness (I John 3:4) or transgression of GOD's will, either by omitting to do what GOD's law requires or by doing what it forbids. ...


Is anything we do that violates God's commands for our lives. Sin was brought into this world by Adam and Eve and so we are all born with a ...


Deviation from the law or will of God, "missing the mark". Sin is rebellion against God and because God is holy, He cannot tolerate sin. However, God himself has provided in Jesus the solution to this problem of sin. Read Romans 3:23 6:23 and 1 John 3:4..


Sin is a primarily Judeo-Christian concept. It can refer either to acts in daily life that pull the transgressor away from God (a Roman Catholic ...


Stems from a belief that mistakes are some indelible stain on one?s character. No such thing as sin, only mistakes which are lessons and are all ...


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